Tire Cage Safety Regulations - Tire Review Magazine

Tire Cage Safety Regulations

Truck tire service, especially the inflation process, can be dangerous or even fatal if not performed according to proper procedures. Due to the number of accidents associated with tire inflation, OSHA now mandates that all truck tires be inflated in an acceptable restraining device.

The requirements for safety cages are spelled out in OSHA standards, which define “restraining device” as “an apparatus such as a cage, rack, assemblage of bars and other components that will constrain all wheel components during an explosive separation of a multi-piece wheel or during the sudden release of the contained air of a single-piece wheel.”

In addition to requiring proper training for technicians, the regulations specify requirements for medium- and heavy-duty truck, OTR, tractor, and super wide tires. The devices usually take the form of a steel base to which heavy-gauge steel tubes are welded. The tubes are spaced to confine a tire and wheel and guard against blown lock rings and rims.

Typically, a steel strap encloses one end to prevent tire roll-through. Standard options include three to five steel tubes, and for oversized tires some manufacturers offer robust, fully enclosed cages with safety door interlock. Portable two-tube designs that handle tire sizes up to 12.00-24 are offered for use on a tire service truck.

A retraining device is mandatory for shops working with tubeless and multi-piece wheels. It is up to the employer to furnish the device, properly train technicians and enforce use of the restraining devices. Some highlights of the OSHA rules for tire servicing equipment include:

• Each restraining device or barrier shall have the capacity to withstand the maximum force that would be transferred to it during a wheel separation occurring at 150% of the maximum tire specification pressure for the type of wheel being serviced. (A tire inflated to 100 PSI with a wheel defect can blow the hub free with up to 50,000 lbs. of force!)

• Restraining devices and barriers shall be visually inspected prior to each day’s use and after any separation of the wheel components or sudden release of contained air. Any restraining device or barrier exhibiting damage such as cracks at welds; cracked or broken components; bent or sprung components caused by mishandling, abuse, tire explosion or wheel separation; pitting of components due to corrosion; or other structural damage which would decrease its effectiveness shall be immediately removed from service.

• Restraining devices or barriers removed from service shall not be returned to service until they are repaired and re-inspected. Restraining devices or barriers requiring structural repair such as component replacement or re-welding shall not be returned to service until they are certified by either the manufacturer or a registered professional engineer as meeting specified strength requirements.
Remember: tires must be completely deflated by removal of the valve core before demounting.

You May Also Like

Pirelli equips its P Zero Elect tire on the Hyundai IONIQ 5 N

In a two-year collaboration with Hyundai, Pirelli said it developed a custom version of its P Zero tire for the EV.


Pirelli has developed a tailor-made version of its P Zero tire as OE for the Hyundai IONIQ 5 N. In a two-year collaboration with Hyundai, Pirelli said it developed a tire that meets the requirements of the EV, which was tested on the Nürburgring circuit in Germany to test its performance and consistency under extreme driving conditions.

Toyo Tires upgrades compound for M171+, M671A+ and M677+ truck tires

The upgrades will be applied to 14 sizes, including 22.5-in. for M171+ and M671A+, and both 22.5-in. and 24.5-in. for M677+.

Toyo launches the Toyo M655 tire for commercial light trucks

Toyo said the M655 tires provide traction under heavy loads for mining, energy, agriculture, construction and forestry use.

Hankook features SmartLine TBR tires at TMC 2024

Hankook said both the SmartLine AL52 and SmartLine DL52 include hidden groove technology, which adjusts tread patterns as the tire wears.

Apollo Tires showcases longhaul truck tire range at TMC Expo

Apollo Tires’ steer tire EnduMile LH front, drive tire EnduMile LHD and trailer tire EnduMile LHT are fully available across the US.


Other Posts

CMA, Double Coin unveil REM-26 steer and REM-4 drive tires for airport ground support applications

The tires are designed to allow maximum endurance in the airport ground support environment.

Radar Tires releases Dimax winter, all-weather tire lines

Both ranges have been tested in multiple winter and summer weather conditions in collaboration with UTAC at its laboratories.

Continental Tire opens new Retread Solutions Center in South Carolina

The company hopes to uncover new improvements and technologies to innovate the retread process.

BKT outlines considerations for choosing material handling tires

According to BKT, a good starting point is to identify the distinguishing features and advantages that differentiate them from one another.