NHTSA recently published in the Federal Register amendments to the Highway Safety Program Guidelines for states, which seeks expanded state-level vehicle inspection programs.
NHTSA’s proposal calls for every state to have a periodic vehicle inspection program and require vehicle owners to correct potentially dangerous conditions in order to reduce the number of on-highway accidents.
According to NHTSA’s proposed guidelines, a state inspection program should provide, at a minimum:
Every vehicle registered in the state is inspected at the time of initial registration and on a periodic basis thereafter as determined by the state based on evidence of the effectiveness of inspection programs.
The inspection is performed by competent personnel specifically trained to perform their duties and certified by the state.
The inspection covers systems, subsystems and components having substantial relation to safe vehicle performance. Each inspection station maintains records in a form specified by the state.
The state publishes summaries of records of all inspection stations at least annually, including tabulations by make and model of vehicle.
The program should be periodically evaluated by the state, and NHTSA should be provided with an evaluation summary.